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厨房油烟重怎么办 厨房怎么减少油烟
How does kitchen lampblack do heavy kitchen how to reduce lampblack

厨房油烟危害

长期以来,人们普遍认为女性患肺癌的危险性较男性要小,其实这主要是因为女性吸烟的人数较男性要少的缘故。然而,近年来,科学家通过临床统计发现,从不吸烟的女性患肺癌的情况来看,女性患肺癌的危险性是男性的两倍。为何会出现这种情况呢?

一、油烟成为女性肺癌主要元凶

根据中国肿瘤防治办公室统计显示出,从2000年到2005年,我国女性患肺癌的几率明显高于男性,尤其是家庭主妇的肺癌发病率有着显著上升的趋势。专家指出,厨房油烟是女性患肺癌的诱因之一。有研究表明,仅仅有18%的女性患者是因为吸烟或长期被动吸烟而导致肺癌,在非吸烟女性肺癌危险因素中,超过60%的女性长期接触厨房油烟。

二、厨房油烟的危害

中国人的喜欢煎炒的烹饪习惯,导致做饭时产生的油烟非常多,会造成呼吸道的不适。如果厨房门关闭,厨房小环境油烟污染将会严重。此外一些人家的厨房连着卧室,冬天很少打开窗户烧菜,高温油烟久久不散,甚至睡觉时也在吸入。

1、引发油烟综合征:厨房油烟可随空气侵入人体呼吸道,进而引起食欲减退、心烦、精神不振、嗜睡、疲乏无力等症状,医学上称为油烟综合征。很多家庭主妇在厨房里忙了半天,弄出许多美味佳肴,家人边吃边赞,可“厨师”却没有什么“胃口”就是这种情况。

2、伤害人的感觉器官:研究表明,当食用油烧到150℃时,其中的甘油就会生成油烟的主要成分丙烯醛,它具有强烈的辛辣味,对鼻、眼、咽喉粘膜有较强的刺激,可引起鼻炎、咽喉炎、气管炎等呼吸道疾病。

3、诱发肺脏等组织癌变:厨房油烟中含有一种被称为苯并芘的致癌物,苯并芘可导致人体细胞染色体的损伤,长期吸入可诱发肺脏组织癌变。研究者在对肺癌发病情况的调查中发现,长期从事烹调的家庭主妇和长期在厨房油烟浓度高的环境下工作的厨师,肺癌的发病率较高。此外,油烟对肠道、大脑神经的危害也较为明显。


Kitchen fume hazards

It has long been accepted that women have a lower risk of lung cancer than men, but this is mainly because fewer women smoke.In recent years, however, scientists have found that women who never smoke are twice as likely to develop lung cancer as men.Why is this happening?

One, lampblack becomes the main culprit of female lung cancer

According to the statistics of China cancer prevention and treatment office, from 2000 to 2005, the incidence of lung cancer among Chinese women was significantly higher than that among men, especially among housewives.The expert points out, kitchen lampblack is one of inducement that the woman suffers from lung cancer.Studies have shown that only 18% of female patients with lung cancer are caused by smoking or long-term passive smoking, in non-smoking female lung cancer risk factors, more than 60% of women long-term exposure to kitchen fume.

Two, the harm of kitchen lampblack

Chinese people's cooking habit of frying and sauteing results in a lot of lampblack when cooking, which will cause discomfort of respiratory tract.If the kitchen door is closed, the kitchen small environment lampblack pollution will be serious.In addition the kitchen of a few somebody else is connected a bedroom, winter opens a window to cook rarely, high temperature lampblack does not come loose for a long time, also be in when sleeping even inhale.

1, cause lampblack syndrome: kitchen lampblack can invade human body respiratory tract along with the air, then cause the symptom such as appetite drop, upset, indolence, lethargy, tired and faint, call lampblack syndrome on medicine.A lot of housewives busy in the kitchen for a long time, make a lot of delicious food, family eat while praise, but "chef" but no "appetite" is this case.

2, damage human sense organs: research shows that when cooking oil to burn to 150 ℃, the glycerol, the main compositions of cooking fume is generated acrolein, it has strong spicy taste, the nose, eye, throat mucosa has strong stimulation, can cause rhinitis, sore throat, bronchitis and other respiratory diseases.

3, induce lung cancer: kitchen fume contains a known as benzopyrene carcinogen, benzopyrene can lead to human cell chromosome damage, long-term inhalation can induce lung cancer.The researcher is in the investigation that comes on to lung cancer discovery, the housewife that is engaged in cooking for a long time and the cook that work below the environment with tall lampblack density in the kitchen for a long time, the incidence of a disease of lung cancer is higher.In addition, lampblack is opposite alvine path, the harm of cerebrum nerve is more apparent also.


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